Diabetes mellitus type 2, sometimes called “sugar diabetes”, is one reason I have posted several articles about obesity. Obesity is strongly associated with diabetes.
People who are overweight or obese are at greater risk of developing diabetes, and if they are diabetic, their blood glucose (sugar) will be more difficult to control. Unfortunately, some of the medicines used to treat diabetes cause weight gain, or make weight loss difficult.
Diabetes is a serious disease.
People know cancer, heart disease, stroke, AIDS and Alzheimer’s disease are serious, but tend to pay little heed to diabetes. They would be more concerned if they realized that diabetes directly contributes to many other conditions that decrease quality as well as length of life.
Diabetes directly causes
- atherosclerosis, a fancy name for narrowed or blocked arteries, the blood vessels that carry oxygen rich blood; depending on which arteries this can lead to heart attacks, stroke, loss of vision-retinopathy, limb pain and amputation
- loss of kidney function, called nephropathy, which can progress into ESRD (end stage renal disease)
- damage to nerves, causing painful neuropathy with numbness and tingling in the feet, impotence, bowel and bladder dysfunction, dizziness among other symptoms.
Now there is good news.
First, diabetes is easy to diagnose; a simple blood test, sometimes repeated for confirmation, can find it quickly.
Second, through a combination of lifestyle and medication, diabetes can be controlled effectively.
Anyone can develop diabetes; even children and teenagers are developing it now.
We know that some people are at greater risk- so they should be tested for possible diabetes at more frequent intervals. But anyone with these symptoms should see their doctor to discuss testing .
- • extreme thirst
- • increased hunger
- • significant weight loss without trying
- • unexplained fatigue
- • blurry vision
- • frequent urination
- • tingling hands and feet
- • sexual problems
- • sores that don’t heal
- heat intolerance in warm weather
Persons at higher than average risk include
- older age, especially over age 40
- overweight/obese persons
- women with history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
- Black, Native American and Hispanic persons in the United States; (worldwide various other ethnic groups are at higher risk)
- Family history of diabetes, especially if in a parent or sibling
- Persons with high blood pressure and/or high cholesterol